Connecting Diaspora for Development (CD4D)

UNU-MERIT and its School of Governance are implementing an evaluation of CD4D. ‘Connecting Diaspora for Development’ (CD4D) is a diaspora return programme operated by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) The Netherlands and funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The project is now in its second phase. Its first phase ran from 2016 to 2019. Both phases of the project link diaspora members with Dutch residency to institutions in their countries of origin. This is done via assignments conducted in person with organisations in the assignment countries. Assignment countries during the first phase were Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Morocco, Sierra Leone and Somalia. During the second phase, short-term assignments will take place with organizations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria and Somalia. The programme focuses on capacity development through knowledge transfer and the creation of connections.

From 2016 to 2019, UNU-MERIT and its School of Governance implemented an evaluation of the first phase of CD4D. The first phase of the project and the evaluation concluded in 2019. The evaluation identified why diaspora members and host institutions choose to participate in CD4D, what the expectations of diaspora members and host institutions were for the CD4D project as well as the experiences of host institutions, colleagues, and participants during the programme. Using qualitative methods, over 350 interviews were conducted. This involved several rounds of fieldwork in Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Sierra Leone and Somalia. In December 2019, the School was commissioned to also evaluate the second phase of the project.

For questions about the research project contact Charlotte Mueller

Outputs related to the CD4D1 and CD4D2 evaluations up-to-date include:

Project reports

Mueller, Charlotte & Katherine Kuschminder, Aug. 2020, Connecting Diaspora for Development 2.  Initial Report

Mueller, Charlotte & Katherine Kuschminder, Oct 2019, Connecting Diaspora for Development. Final Report.

Mueller, Charlotte & Katherine Kuschminder, Jun 2018, Connecting Diaspora for Development. Mid-Term Report.

Mueller, Charlotte, Katherine Kuschminder & Sarah Langley, May 2017, Connecting Diaspora for Development. Baseline Report.

Langley, Sarah & Katherine Kuschminder, Aug 2016, Connecting Diaspora for Development. Literature Review.

Blog articles

Mueller, Charlotte, 2019, Research on Diaspora Knowledge Transfer within a Temporary Return Program, Migrant Knowledge – Writing knowledge into the history of migration and migration into the history of knowledge. A blog curated by GHI Washington Pacific Regional Office Berkeley, More information

Mueller, Charlotte, 2018, Migration & knowledge transfer, NVVN Edition Migration and Development, More information

Book chapters

Mueller, Charlotte, 2020, Diaspora Knowledge Transfer in Sierra Leone and Somaliland, in: Maty Konte and Linguère Mously Mbaye (eds), Migration, Remittances, and Sustainable Development in Africa, Routledge, Abingdon/New York, More information

Other (Presentations, Media appearance etc.)

Keynote speech by Prof. Dr. Melissa Siegel as part of the Diaspora in Action Conference, 30 October 2018, Migration Museum, The Hague, More information

Interview with Charlotte Mueller for Observant about research in Afghanistan (in Dutch), More information

Future project outputs:

  • Mid-term report (August 2021)
  • Final report (August 2022)