This research theme focuses on the causes, consequences, and experiences of forced migrants. First, we explore the experiences of forced migrants in host countries, including their integration and transnational activities such as remittance behaviour and engagement with their country of origin. Second, we examine the conditions of forced migrants in host countries and relations with host communities. Third, we study the relationships between forced migration flows, labour market conditions and security in host countries and in home countries after return. Fourth, and overlapping with our research theme of return migration, our research includes both the perceptions and reintegration of forced migrants upon return, their multidimensional wellbeing and the sustainability of return migration in countries affected by conflict. Due to the policy relevance of this research theme, our researchers work in close collaboration with international organizations, NGOs and host and home country governments. The aim of our research on forced migration and conflict is to a) generate new knowledge on the causes, consequences and experiences of forced migrants, and b) enhance the effectiveness of policies that target forced migrants.
Related publicationsBilgili, Özge & Katrin Marchand, 2017, Domain 3: Protection and Migration, Thematic Input Paper - Agadir Regional Thematic Exchange Meeting. Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation: Bern, Switzerland, More informationBilgili, Özge, Craig Loschmann & Melissa Siegel, 2017, The Gender-Based Effects of Displacement: The Case of Congolese Refugees in Rwanda, KNOMAD Working Paper 21, More informationMbaye, Linguère Mously & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2016, Natural disasters and human mobility, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-040Kuschminder, Katherine & Melissa Siegel, 2016, Rejected Afghan asylum seekers in the Netherlands: Migration experiences, current situations and future aspirations, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-007van Houte, Marieke, Melissa Siegel & Tine Davids, 2016, `Deconstructing the meanings of and motivations for return: an Afghan case study, Comparative Migration Studies, 4, More informationLoschmann, Craig, 2016, Essays on Conflict-related Migration and Development in the case of Afghanistan, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations UniversityKuschminder, Katherine & Sarah Langley, 2016, Migrants in countries in crisis: Supporting an evidence-based approach for effective and cooperative state action, Regional Discussion Paper, Focus on the East and Southern African Experience, International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), More informationMeshkovska, Biljana, Nikola Mickovski, Arjan E. R. Bos & Melissa Siegel, 2016, `Trafficking of women for sexual exploitation in Europe: Prosecution, trials and their impact, Anti-Trafficking Review, 6Fransen, Sonja & Melissa Siegel, 2016, Diaspora Engagement Policies after Conflict: Burundi and Rwanda, in: D. Besharov and M. Lopez (Eds.), Adjusting to a World in Motion: Trends in Global Migration and Migration Policy, Oxford University Press, BostonFransen, Sonja, 2015, `The Socio-Economic Sustainability of Refugee Return: Insights from Burundi, Population, Space and Place, More informationVanore, Michaella & Katrin Marchand, 2015, Afghanistan Remittance Overview and Trends, Annex to Afghanistan Migration Profile, prepared for the International Organization for Migration (IOM), More informationKuschminder, Katherine, Nassim Majidi & Katrin Marchand, 2015, Afghanistan Return and Circular Migration, Annex to Afghanistan Migration Profile, prepared for the International Organization for Migration (IOM), More informationMarchand, Katrin, Melissa Siegel, Katherine Kuschminder, Nassim Majidi, Michaella Vanore & Carla Buil, 2015, Afghanistan Migration Profile, Report prepared for the International Organization for Migration (IOM), More informationFransen, Sonja, 2015, The economic and social effects of remittances and return migration in conflict-affected areas: The case of Burundi, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations UniversityLoschmann, Craig, Christopher R. Parsons & Melissa Siegel, 2015, `Does Shelter Assistance Reduce Poverty in Afghanistan?, World Development, 74, More informationMeshkovska, Biljana, Melissa Siegel, Sarah E. Stutterheim & Arjan E. R. Bos, 2015, `Female Sex Trafficking: Conceptual Issues, Current Debates, and Future Directions, Journal of Sex Research, 52, More informationLoschmann, Craig & Melissa Siegel, 2015, `Revisiting the Motivations behind Remittance Behavior: Evidence of Debt-Financed Migration from Afghanistan, migration letters, 12, More informationLoschmann, Craig, Melissa Siegel & Christopher R. Parsons, 2014, Does shelter assistance reduce poverty in Afghanistan?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-051Buil, Carla & Melissa Siegel, 2014, Afghan unaccompanied minors in the Netherlands: Far away from home and protected?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-037Loschmann, Craig, Katherine Kuschminder & Melissa Siegel, 2014, The root causes of movement: Exploring the determinants of Irregular Migration from Afghanistan, Irregular Migration Research Programme Occasional Paper Series 11|2014, More informationvan Houte, Marieke, Melissa Siegel & Tine Davids, 2014, `Return to Afghanistan: Migration as Reinforcement of Socio-Economic Stratification, Population, Space and Place, 21, More informationvan Houte, Marieke, 2014, Moving back or moving forward? Return migration after conflict, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations UniversityBuil, Carla & Melissa Siegel, 2014, Destination Europe: Afghan Unaccompanied Minors Crossing Borders, in: Spyros Spyrou, Miranda Christou (eds), Children and Borders, Palgrave Macmillan, UK, More informationFransen, Sonja & Katherine Kuschminder, 2014, `Lessons Learned from Refugee Settlement Policies in Africa: A Case Study on Burundi's Rural Integrated Villages Approach, Refugee Survey Quarterly, 33, More informationFransen, Sonja & Valentina Mazzucato, 2014, `Remittances and Household Wealth After Conflict: A Case Study on Urban Burundi, World Development, 60, More informationvan Houte, Marieke, 2014, `Afghan returnees as actors of change?, Forced Migration Review, 46, More informationKuschminder, Katherine, Melissa Siegel & Nassim Majidi, 2014, `The changing nature of return migration to Afghanistan, Forced Migration Review, 46, More informationKoser, Khalid , 2014, `Transition and displacement, Forced Migration Review, 46, More informationLoschmann, Craig & Melissa Siegel, 2014, `The influence of vulnerability on migration intentions in Afghanistan, Migration and Development, 3, More informationLoschmann, Craig & Melissa Siegel, 2013, The influence of vulnerability on migration intentions in Afghanistan, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2013-038Loschmann, Craig, Katrin Marchand, Melissa Siegel, Nassim Majidi & Camille Hennion, 2013, Evaluation of the UNHCR Shelter Assistance Programme, Report of the UNHCR Shelter Assistance Evaluation Afghanistan (2012-2013) projectLoschmann, Craig, Katrin Marchand, Melissa Siegel, Nassim Majidi & Camille Hennion, 2013, Evaluation of the UNHCR Shelter Assistance Programme - executive summary, Executive summary of the UNHCR Shelter Assistance Evaluation Afghanistan (2012-2013) projectKoser, Khalid , 2013, Migration and Displacement Impacts of Afghan Transitions in 2014: Implications for Australia, Policy report, Irregular Migration Research Program Occasional Paper Series 03/2013 (2013) 51pKuschminder, Katherine, Nassim Majidi, Ceri Oeppen & Melissa Siegel, 2013, Complexities and Challenges in Afghan Migration: Policy and Research Event, Migration Policy Brief No.14, More informationRagab, Nora Jasmin, 2013, The Engagement of the Syrian Diaspora in Germany in Peacebuilding, Migration policy brief No 13, More informationFransen, Sonja, Katherine Kuschminder & Melissa Siegel, 2012, Implementation of cross-country migration surveys in conflict-affected settings: Lessons from the IS Academy survey in Burundi and Ethiopia, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2012-019Buil, Carla, 2012, A rights-based approach to Afghan unaccompanied minors in the Netherlands, Migration policy brief No. 8, More informationKuschminder, Katherine, 2011, Migration Policy Report No. 1: The Role of the Diaspora in Knowledge Transfer and Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Settings: The Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals to Afghanistan, IS Academie Policy Report No. 1, More informationZiesemer, Thomas, 2010, Net-immigration of developing countries: The role of economic determinants, disasters, conflicts, and political instability, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2010-009Chattopadhyay, Sutapa, 2004, Involuntary Migration and the Mechanisms of Rehabilitation: The Discourse of Development in Sardar Sarovar, India, Annual Meeting of Association of American Geographers, Pennsylvania: Philadelphia